A wireless microphone transmits audio signals using radio frequency (RF) technology. Here's a general overview of how it works:
- Microphone Output: The audio signal is initially captured by the microphone, which converts sound waves into an electrical signal.
- Analog to Digital Conversion: The analog signal from the microphone is then converted into a digital signal using an analog-to-digital converter (ADC). This digital signal will be further processed and transmitted wirelessly.
- Modulation: The digital audio signal is modulated onto a specific RF carrier frequency. Modulation techniques like frequency modulation (FM) or amplitude modulation (AM) are commonly used. The choice of modulation method can depend on factors such as frequency band and desired transmission range.
- RF Transmission: The modulated RF signal is transmitted wirelessly using an antenna built into the wireless microphone. The antenna broadcasts the RF signal into the surrounding area.
- Receiver: The receiver device, usually located nearby or connected to a sound system, picks up the transmitted RF signal using its own antenna.
- Demodulation and Decoding: The receiver demodulates the RF signal to extract the digital audio signal from the carrier frequency. It also performs decoding to convert the digital audio signal back into an analog audio signal.
- Amplification and Output: The analog audio signal is then amplified to an appropriate level and routed to the sound system or speaker, allowing the audio to be heard by the audience or recorded.
It's important to note that different wireless microphone systems may have variations in the specific implementation of these steps, depending on the manufacturer, frequency band, and intended use case.