There are several types of automotive suspension systems used in vehicles. These include:
- Independent Suspension: This is the most common type of suspension system used in modern vehicles. It allows each wheel to move independently of the others, providing a smoother ride and better handling.
- Dependent Suspension: This type of suspension system connects the wheels of an axle together, so that they move together as a single unit. It is less common in modern vehicles but is still used in some older models or heavy-duty vehicles.
- MacPherson Strut Suspension: It is a type of independent suspension system commonly used in front-wheel-drive vehicles. It consists of a single shock absorber and coil spring combination, connected to the lower control arm and the body of the vehicle.
- Double Wishbone Suspension: This type of suspension system uses two wishbone-shaped arms to connect the wheel hub assembly to the vehicle's frame. It provides better handling and stability but is more complex and expensive to manufacture.
- Multi-link Suspension: This is a sophisticated independent suspension system that uses multiple arms and linkages to connect the wheel hub assembly to the vehicle's frame. It offers excellent handling and ride quality but is more complex and costly compared to other systems.
- Torsion Beam Suspension: It is a type of dependent suspension system that uses a solid beam to connect the wheels on one axle. It is commonly used in compact and budget vehicles as it offers a simple and cost-effective design.
- Air Suspension: This type of suspension system uses air springs instead of conventional coil springs. It allows for adjustable ride height and can provide a more comfortable and smooth ride.
- Active Suspension: This is an advanced suspension system that uses sensors and electronic control systems to actively adjust and adapt the suspension based on road conditions and driver inputs. It helps improve handling, stability, and comfort.
These are some of the common types of automotive suspension systems used in vehicles, each offering different advantages and characteristics depending on the vehicle's application and intended purpose.