There are several types of automotive steering systems, including:
- Manual steering: This is the most basic type of steering system, which requires the driver to use physical force to turn the wheels.
- Power steering: Power steering systems assist the driver by decreasing the effort required to turn the wheels. There are two types of power steering systems:
a. Hydraulic power steering: This system uses hydraulic pressure from a pump driven by the engine to assist with steering.
b. Electric power steering: This system uses an electric motor to provide assistance with steering. It is more modern and efficient compared to hydraulic power steering.
- Rack and pinion steering: This is a type of steering system in which a rack (a toothed bar) is connected to the steering wheel through a pinion (a gear). When the driver turns the wheel, the rack moves, causing the wheels to steer.
- Recirculating ball steering: This type of steering system uses a worm gear and ball bearings to convert the rotational motion of the steering wheel into the side-to-side motion required to steer the wheels.
- Variable ratio steering: This system provides different steering ratios based on the steering angle. It offers quicker steering response at lower speeds and reduces the steering effort required at higher speeds for better stability.
- Active steering: Active steering systems use sensors and electronics to continuously monitor driving conditions and adjust the steering response accordingly. This technology improves handling, stability, and overall safety.
- Four-wheel steering: Also known as all-wheel steering, this system enables the rear wheels to turn in addition to the front wheels. It enhances maneuverability, stability, and overall control of the vehicle.
It is important to note that the availability and use of these different steering systems may vary depending on the vehicle make, model, and year.